Lui Shou Kwan 呂壽琨(1919-1975) (1919 - 1975)


1919 Born in Guangdong, China
1946 Graduated from university in Guangzhou with a degree in EconomicsOrganised the Kwangtung Flood Charity Fund Chinese Painting Exhibition in Canton, China
1948 Moved to Hong Kong
1949 Joined the Hong Kong and Yaumatei Ferry Company, working as an inspector
1952 Contributed articles on art and reviews on art exhibitions to local newspapers
1956 Published “A Study of Chinese Painting”
1957 Became member of the Society of Hong Kong Artists
1958 Organised adult art classes at the Chung Shan Middle School, Hong Kong
1959 Invited by the Modern Literature and Art Association to be its honorary advisor
1962 Honorary advisor to the City Hall Museum and Art Gallery (later re-named the Hong Kong Museum of Art)
1966 Resigned from the Hong Kong and Yaumati Ferry CompanyTaught Chinese ink painting at the University of Hong Kong, Department of Architecture, on a regular part-time basisTaught ink painting courses at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Extramural Studies
1968 His students of the Extramural courses formed the “In Tao Art Association” and presented its first group show
1970 Another group of his students of the Extramural Courses organised “Painting in the Chinese Tradition” exhibition and later formed the “One Art Group”
1971 Awarded an MBE by the British Government for his contribution to the arts
1972 Published “Lectures on Ink Painting”
1975 Died in Hong Kong on 26 September


Lui Shou Kwan (Lu Shoukun) (呂壽琨) was born in Guangzhou in 1919. His strong interest in Chinese paintings was inherited from his father, Lui Ts’an Ming, a reputable scholar-painter who also owned an antique shop. However, Lui often regarded himself as a self-taught painter who built up his painting techniques and extensive knowledge about traditional Chinese paintings by constantly studying and copying the classical works largely provided by his father’s antique shop. He moved to Hong Kong in 1948. He worked for the Hong Kong and Yaumati Ferry Company as an inspector for 17 years. Meanwhile, he continued to paint and frequently contributed articles on art and reviews on art exhibitions to local art-related publications. He published his first book “A Study of Chinese Paintings” in 1956. By constantly learning from various Chinese and Western ancient masters and contemporary artists diligently, he gradually developed his unique style of abstract ink painting. Lui began to teach Chinese ink painting at the Department of Architecture of the University of Hong Kong and the Department of Extra-Mural Studies at Chinese University in 1966. He emphasized on the originality and individuality of an artist by advocating the concepts of spirituality and inspiration of traditional Chinese paintings. He has inspired innumerable ink artists such as Wucius Wong, Irene Chou and Leung Kui Ting. Largely because of his contributions, Hong Kong became the birthplace of a new style of modern Chinese ink painting. The accomplishment of a series of the highly original and unmistakable Zen painting in the 1960s marked a new milestone of the artist’s career. They were characterized by free calligraphic brushstrokes and ink washes as well as the recurrence of Taoist and Buddhist motifs such as lotus and flame. Lui successfully pushed the boundaries of Chinese ink painting. His paintings demonstrate universality and spirituality, enabling them to have timeless appeal.


Selected Solo Exhibitions


2013 Lui Shou Kwan – Zen Ink Art, Alisan Fine Arts, Hong KongLui Shou-Kwan – Zen Ink Art at Fine Art Asia
2002 Retrospective exhibition “Lui Shou-Kwan – New Ink Painting” at Hong Kong Museum of Art, Hong Kong
1988 Alisan Fine Arts, Hong Kong
1985 Hong Kong in Ink Moods, Fung Ping Shan Museum, Hong Kong
1984 Alisan Fine Arts, Hong Kong
1982 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, U.K.; Satori Gallery, San Francisco, USA
1980 Gallery Eighties, Toronto, Canada
1977 Talbot Rice Arts Centre, Edinburgh, UK
1976 “The World of Lui Shou Kwan”, Retrospective Exhibition, Hong Kong Museum of Art, Hong Kong
1974 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, UK
1973 Covent Garden Gallery, London, UK
1971 CJL Gallery, Hong Kong
1970 Hugh M. Moss Ltd., London, UK
1969 Museum and Art Gallery, Newport, UK; South London Art Gallery, London, UK
1968 Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea, U.K.; Portsmouth City Art Gallery, Southsea, UK
1967 Sally Jackson Gallery, Hong Kong; Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, UK, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, UK
1965 Museum and Art Gallery, Hastings, U.K.; New Metropole Arts Centre, Folkestone, UK
1964 Hong Kong Museum of Art, Hong KongLuz Gallery, Manila, PhilippinesAbbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal, UKRoland, Browse & Delbanco, London, UKCity Art Gallery, Bristol, UKCity of Nottingham Gallery, Nottingham, UKBangor Art Gallery, Bangor, North Wales, UK
1963 Sino-American Cultural and Economic Association, Taipei, TaiwanCommonwealth Institute, Edinburgh and London, UK
1962 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, U. K.; Queen’s University, Belfast, UK
1961 Parkinson Court, University of Leeds, UK
1960 Stanford Research Institute, California, USA
1959 Atherton Gallery, Menlo Park, California, USA
1957 British Council Library, Hong Kong
1954 Hong Kong Hotel, Hong Kong


• De Yong Museum, San Francisco, CA, USA
• Hong Kong Museum of Art, Hong Kong
• M. H. de Young Museum, Avery Brundage Foundation, San Francisco, USA
• Museu Luis de Camoes, Macau
• National Historical Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
• The Ashmoleum Museum, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
• The Victoria & Albert Museum, London, United Kingdom
• The Castle Gallery, Nottingham, United Kingdom
• The City Art Gallery, Bristol, United Kingdom